The mark used was a profile portrait of the reigning monarch's head. The use of this mark was abolished in Its purpose was to establish when a piece was presented for assay or testing of the silver content. The mark letter changed annually in May, the cycles of date letters were usually in strings of 20 and each cycle was differentiated by a changing of the font, letter case and shield shape. Originally, makers' marks were pictograms, but by the beginning of the 17th Century it had become common practice to use the maker's initials. A letter "F" in an oval cartouche was stamped alongside the regular hallmarks, the maker's mark being that of the British importing firm sponsor's mark.
British Sterling - English Hallmarks, Irish Hallmarks & Scottish Hallmarks
It refers to the right the journeyman had to obtain a reward for each day's work. In origin he was "a man who did not gain the freedom of the City and was therefore a 'non Freeman' but was free of a livery company and thus qualified to ply his trade could do so as a 'journeyman' provided he was licensed by the corporation. The majority of silversmiths never actually registered their own mark. They were employed by large workshops of companies or were used as out-workers. The work they part or wholly produced was marked under somebody else's name. These workers on plate were often paid on a pro rata basis, the foreman counting up their output each day so that they could be rewarded at the end of the week. The foreman also could distinguish between each of his workers' wares so that poor workmanship could be traced to the source.
SHEFFIELD DATE LETTERS CHART / SILVER HALLMARKS UK
This gave rise to an enormous amount of new and extra work for the British assay offices because thousands of watches with gold and silver cases were imported every year. Before 1 June were simply imported and sold without British hallmarks. The Act also created work for the importers of watches, because cases had to be marked with a British registered sponsor's mark before they could be sent to be assayed and hallmarked.
How to reading and gold in england. Our word for dating english hallmarks antique silver hallmarks use silver and date letters, known as hallmarks. Silver is based on silver hallmarks use this site to you to reading and scottish and silver.