To that end, it proposes an approach that identifies actions and strategies related to social participation in the construction of policies, one of the founding principles of SUS, seeking to delineate its importance in the specific trajectory of the psychiatric reform process. Subsequently, it highlights the originality and importance of actions that used culture as a means and as an end, in the sense of not restricting psychiatric reform to a transformation limited to public services or health in the strict sense of the term, emphasizing the principle of construction of a new locus in society for madness. Finally, it provides a historical follow-up of the promulgation of mental health policies in Brazil, identifying the most important initiatives and their impacts on the transformation of the care model, and concludes by questioning the conservative restructuring that is currently taking place. But this has its own oddities! The first Brazilian psychiatric care-related movements emerged in the s when newly-graduated professionals encountered a situation of neglect and violence. Thus, the case of academics in Bahia in that period, as well as the memorial of the Association of Psychiatric in Bahia
Despite all the social changes we experienced in the past years, Brazil remains a deeply unequal country, with its politics marked by a sustained level of patronage and corruption. The influence of major companies in elections, using private campaign funding, led to consecutive corruption scandals that have been hitting all politicians. The fight against corruption became a national outcry. State agencies of control have answered this demand and, in the last few years, many anti-corruption measures have been intensified, hitting the major companies and the political elite However, this agenda has been exploited in order to destabilize a democratically elected government, in such a way that there is a deepening of the current economic and political crisis in our country.
HLA allele identification is used in bone marrow transplant programs as HLA compatibility between the donor and recipient may prevent graft rejection. This study aimed to estimate the frequency of alleles and haplotypes of the HLA system in the region of Bauru and compare these with the frequencies found in other regions of the country. Allele and haplotype frequencies were compared to other regions in Brazil and the similarities and differences among populations are shown. The knowledge of the immunogenic profile of a population contributes to the comprehension of the historical and anthropological aspects of different regions. Moreover, this helps to find suitable donors quickly, thereby shortening waiting lists for transplants and thus increasing survival rates among recipients.
The identification of the boundaries of the community lands is carried out on the basis of the community claim and of scientific and technical analysis that includes anthropological studies leading to the spatial, economic, environmental and socio-cultural identification of the land occupied by the community Article 9. Although federal regulation only occurred in , some states had already moved ahead of the federal government. However a review of the legal situation carried out in October revealed that only 18 of these states had a legal instrument to deal with these communities and their lands. The legal instruments included state constitutions, laws and executive instructions, with differing legal weight and levels of implementation. It is for this reason that during seven years of the federal PT administration, only eight quilombo areas were titled.