The provincial capital is at Changwon and it is adjacent to the major metropolitan center and port of Busan. Before , the corresponding to modern-day Gyeongsangnam-do was part of Gyeongsang Province. In , southern Gyeongsang was replaced by the districts of Jinju in the west, in , they were merged to form Gyeongsangnam-do. The provincial capital was originally at Jinju, it moved in to Busan, in , Gyeongsangnam-do became part of South Korea. In , Busan separated from Gyeongsangnam-do to become a Directly Governed City, in , the provincial capital moved from Busan to Changwon. The province is part of the Yeongnam region, on the north by Gyeongsangbuk-do province, on the west Jeollabuk-do and Jeollanam-do provinces, most of the province is drained by the Nakdong River and its tributaries.